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ABAP
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ABAP Function Module
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ABAP Syntax 1
ABAP Syntax 2
ABAP Syntax 3
ABAP Syntax 4
ABAP Query
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Syntax-2


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EDITOR-CALL

Loads an ABAP program or internal table into a text editor.

A D V E R T I S E M E N T

Syntax

EDITOR-CALL FOR <itab>…

EDITOR-CALL FOR REPORT <prog>…

Loads the internal table <itab> or the program <prog> into a text editor, where you can edit it using standard editor functions.

ELSE

Introduces a statement block in an IF control structure.

Syntax

ELSE.

If the logical expression in an IF statement is false, ELSE introduces the statement block to be executed instead.

ELSEIF

Introduces a statement block in an IF control structure.

Syntax

ELSEIF <logexp>.

If the logical expression in an IF statement is false and <logexp> is true, ELSE introduces the statement block to be executed instead.

END-OF-DEFINITION

Closes a macro definition.

Syntax

END-OF-DEFINITION.

This statement concludes a macro definition introduced with DEFINITION.

END-OF-PAGE

Event keywords for defining event blocks for list events.

Syntax

END-OF-PAGE.

Whenever the page footer is reached while a list is being created, the runtime environment triggers the END-OF-PAGE event, and the corresponding event block is executed.

END-OF-SELECTION

Event keywords for defining event blocks for reporting events.

Syntax

END-OF-SELECTION.

Once a logical database has read all of the required lines and passed them to the executable program, the runtime environment triggers the END-OF-SELECTION event, and the corresponding event block is executed.

ENDAT

Closes a statement block in control level processing.

Syntax

ENDAT.

This statement concludes a control level processing block introduced with AT.

ENDCASE

Closes a CASE control structure.

Syntax

ENDCASE.

This statement concludes a control structure introduced with CASE.

ENDCATCH

Closes a CATCH area.

Syntax

ENDCATCH.

This statement concludes an exception handling block introduced with CATCH SYSTEM-EXCEPTIONS.

ENDCLASS

Closes a class definition.

Syntax

ENDCLASS.

This statement concludes a class declaration or implementation introduced with CLASS.

ENDDO

Closes a DO loop.

Syntax

ENDDO.

This statement concludes a loop introduced with DO.

ENDEXEC

Closes a Native SQL statement.

Syntax

ENDEXEC.

This statement ends a Native SQL statement introduced with EXEC SQL.

ENDFORM

Closes a subroutine.

Syntax

ENDFORM.

This statement concludes a subroutine definition introduced with FORM.

ENDFUNCTION

Closes a function module.

Syntax

ENDFUNCTION.

This statement concludes a function module introduced with FUNCTION.

ENDIF

Closes an IF control structure.

Syntax

ENDIF.

This statement concludes a control structure introduced with IF.

FETCH

Uses a cursor to read entries from a database table.

Syntax

FETCH NEXT CURSOR <c> INTO <target>.

If the cursor <c> is linked with a selection in a database table, FETCH writes the next line of the selection into the flat target area <target>.

FIELD-GROUPS

Declares a field group for an extract dataset.

Syntax

FIELD-GROUPS <fg>.

This statement defines a field group <fg>. Field groups define the line structure of an extract dataset. You can also define a special field group called HEADER: When filling the extract dataset, the system automatically prefixes any other field groups with this field group.

FIELD-SYMBOLS

Declares field symbols.

Syntax

FIELD-SYMBOLS <FS> [<type>|STRUCTURE <s> DEFAULT <wa>].

Field symbols are placeholders or symbolic names for other fields. Pointed brackets are part of the syntax for field symbol names. The <type> addition allows you to specify the type of a field symbol. The STRUCTURE addition forces a structured view of the data objects that you assign to the field symbol.

FIND

Searches for patterns.

Syntax

FIND <p> IN [SECTION OFFSET <off> LENGTH <len> OF] <text>
[IGNORING CASE|RESPECTING CASE]
[IN BYTE MODE|IN CHARACTER MODE]
[MATCH OFFSET <o>] [MATCH LENGTH <l>].

The system searches the field <text> for the pattern <p>. The SECTION OFFSET <off> LENGTH <len> OF addition tells the system to search only from the <off> position in the length <len>. IGNORING CASE or RESPECTING CASE (default) specifies whether the search is to be case-sensitive. In Unicode programs, you must specify whether the statement is a character or byte operation, using the IN BYTE MODE or IN CHARACTER MODE (default) additions. The MATCH OFFSET and MATCH LENGTH additions set the offset of the first occurrence and length of the search string in the fields <p> and <l>.

FORM

Defines a subroutine.

Syntax

FORM <subr> [USING … [VALUE(]<pi>[)] [TYPE <t>|LIKE <f>]… ]
[CHANGING… [VALUE(]<pi>[)] [TYPE <t>|LIKE <f>]… ].

Introduces a subroutine <form>. The USING and CHANGING additions define the subroutine’s parameter interface. The subroutine end with ENDFORM.

FORMAT

Sets formatting options for list output.

Syntax

FORMAT… <optioni> [ON|OFF]…

The formatting options <option i > (such as color) set in the FORMAT statement, apply to all subsequent output until they are turned off using the OFF option.

FREE

Release space in memory.

Syntax

FREE <itab>.

FREE MEMORY ID(<key>).

FREE OBJECT <obj>.

This statement deletes an internal table, a data cluster in ABAP memory, or an external object in OLE2 Automation, depending on the variant of the statement used.

FUNCTION

Defines a function module.

Syntax

FUNCTION <func>.

Introduces the function module <func>. This statement is not entered in the ABAP Editor, but is automatically generated by the Function Builder in the ABAP Workbench. The function module definition ends with the ENDFUNCTION statement

FUNCTION-POOL

Introduces a function group.

Syntax

FUNCTION-POOL.

The first statement in a function group. This statement is not entered in the ABAP Editor, but is automatically generated by the Function Builder in the ABAP Workbench. A function group is an ABAP program that contains function modules.

GET

Event keyword for defining event blocks for reporting events.

Syntax

GET <node> [FIELDS <f1> <f 2>…].

Only occurs in executable programs. When the logical database has passed a line of the node <node> to the program, the runtime environment triggers the GET event, and the corresponding event block is executed. You can use the FIELDS option to specify explicitly the columns of a node that the logical database should read.

GET BIT

Reads an individual bit.

Syntax

GET BIT <n> OF <f> INTO <g>.

Reads the bit at position <n> of the hexadecimal field <f> into the field <b>.

GET CURSOR

Gets the cursor position on a screen or in an interactive list event.

Syntax

GET CURSOR FIELD <f> [OFFSET <off>] [LINE <lin>]
[VALUE <val>] [LENGTH <len>].

GET CURSOR LINE <lin> [OFFSET <off>] [VALUE <val>] [LENGTH <len>].

At a user action on a list or screen, the statement writes the position, value, and displayed length of a field or line into the corresponding variables.

GET DATASET

Syntax

GET DATASET <dsn> [POSITIONS <pos>]
[ATTRIBUTE <attr>].

Gets the attributes of a file opened using OPEN DATASET. The POSITIONS additions writes the current read/write position to the field <pos>. The ATTRIBUTE addition writes the attributes to a structure, <attr>, of the type DSET_ATTRIBUTES.

GET LOCALE LANGUAGE

Gets the current text environment.

Syntax

GET LOCALE LANGUAGE <lg> COUNTY <c> MODIFIER <m>.

Returns the current language, country ID and any modifier into the corresponding variables

GET PARAMETER

Gets an SPA/GPA parameters

Syntax

GET PARAMETER ID <pid> FIELD <f>.

Writes the value of the SPA/GPA parameter <pid> from the user-specific SAP memory into the variable <f>.

GET PF-STATUS

Gets the current GUI status.

Syntax

GET PF-STATUS <f> [PROGRAM <prog>] [EXCLUDING <itab>].

Returns the name of the current GUI status (the same as SY-PFKEY) into the variable <f>. The PROGRAM addition writes the name of the ABAP program to which the status belongs into the variable <prog>. The EXCLUDING addition returns a list of all currently inactive function codes into the internal table <itab>.

GET PROPERTY

Gets a property of an OLE2 Automation object.

Syntax

GET PROPERTY OF <obj> <p> = <f>.

Writes the property <p> of an external OLE2 Automation object to the variable <f>.

GET REFERENCE

Gets a data reference.

Syntax

GET REFERENCE OF <obj> INTO <dref>.

Writes a data reference to an existing data object <obj> to the data reference variable <dref>.

GET RUN TIME FIELD

Measures the runtime in microseconds.

Syntax

GET RUN TIME FIELD <f>.

The first time the statement is executed, the variable <f> is set to zero. In each subsequent call, the runtime since the first call is written to <f>.

GET TIME

Synchronizes the time.

Syntax

GET TIME [FIELD <f>].

Refreshes the system fields SY-UZEIT, SY-DATUM, SY-TIMLO, SY-DATLO, and SY-ZONLO. The FIELD addition fills the variable <f> with the current time.

GET TIME STAMP FIELD

Returns a time stamp.

Syntax

GET TIME STAMP FIELD <f>.

Returns the short or long form of the current date and time, depending on whether the variable <f> has the type P(8) or P(11). The long form returns the time correct to seven decimal places.

HIDE

Stores information about list lines.

Syntax

HIDE <f>.

While the list is being created, this statement stores the contents of the field <f> and the current line number in the internal HIDE area When the cursor is positioned on a line in an interactive list event, the stored value is returned to the field <f>.



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