Academic Tutorials



English | French | Portugese | German | Italian
Home Advertise Payments Recommended Websites Interview Questions FAQs
News Source Codes E-Books Downloads Jobs Web Hosting
Chats

XML Tutorial
XML Introduction
XML How to use
XML Syntax
XML Elements
XML Attributes
XML Validation
XML Validator
XML Browsers
XML Viewing
XML CSS
XML XSL
XML Data Island
XML Parser
XML in Real Life
XML Namespaces
XML CDATA
XML Encoding
XML Server
XML Application
XML HTTP Request
XML Save Data
XML Behaviors
XML Technologies
XML Editors
XML Summary
XML as Data Source

HTML Tutorials
HTML Tutorial
XHTML Tutorial
CSS Tutorial
TCP/IP Tutorial
CSS 1.0
CSS 2.0
HLML
XML Tutorials
XML Tutorial
XSL Tutorial
XSLT Tutorial
DTD Tutorial
Schema Tutorial
XForms Tutorial
XSL-FO Tutorial
XML DOM Tutorial
XLink Tutorial
XQuery Tutorial
XPath Tutorial
XPointer Tutorial
RDF Tutorial
SOAP Tutorial
WSDL Tutorial
RSS Tutorial
WAP Tutorial
Web Services Tutorial
Browser Scripting
JavaScript Tutorial
VBScript Tutorial
DHTML Tutorial
HTML DOM Tutorial
WMLScript Tutorial
E4X Tutorial
Server Scripting
ASP Tutorial
PERL Tutorial
SQL Tutorial
ADO Tutorial
CVS
Python
Apple Script
PL/SQL Tutorial
SQL Server
PHP
.NET (dotnet)
Microsoft.Net
ASP.Net
.Net Mobile
C# : C Sharp
ADO.NET
VB.NET
VC++
Multimedia
SVG Tutorial
Flash Tutorial
Media Tutorial
SMIL Tutorial
Photoshop Tutorial
Gimp Tutorial
Matlab
Gnuplot Programming
GIF Animation Tutorial
Scientific Visualization Tutorial
Graphics
Web Building
Web Browsers
Web Hosting
W3C Tutorial
Web Building
Web Quality
Web Semantic
Web Careers
Weblogic Tutorial
SEO
Web Site Hosting
Domain Name
Java Tutorials
Java Tutorial
JSP Tutorial
Servlets Tutorial
Struts Tutorial
EJB Tutorial
JMS Tutorial
JMX Tutorial
Eclipse
J2ME
JBOSS
Programming Langauges
C Tutorial
C++ Tutorial
Visual Basic Tutorial
Data Structures Using C
Cobol
Assembly Language
Mainframe
Forth Programming
Lisp Programming
Pascal
Delphi
Fortran
OOPs
Data Warehousing
CGI Programming
Emacs Tutorial
Gnome
ILU
Soft Skills
Communication Skills
Time Management
Project Management
Team Work
Leadership Skills
Corporate Communication
Negotiation Skills
Database Tutorials
Oracle
MySQL
Operating System
BSD
Symbian
Unix
Internet
IP-Masquerading
IPC
MIDI
Software Testing
Testing
Firewalls
SAP Module
ERP
ABAP
Business Warehousing
SAP Basis
Material Management
Sales & Distribution
Human Resource
Netweaver
Customer Relationship Management
Production and Planning
Networking Programming
Corba Tutorial
Networking Tutorial
Microsoft Office
Microsoft Word
Microsoft Outlook
Microsoft PowerPoint
Microsoft Publisher
Microsoft Excel
Microsoft Front Page
Microsoft InfoPath
Microsoft Access
Accounting
Financial Accounting
Managerial Accounting
Network Sites


XML Syntax

Previoushome Next



Syntax of XML


If you are already know HTML then the XML syntax shouldn't be that much of a leap to grasp. While there are a some new items in XML, it is still just a markup language that relies on tags to get the job done.


A D V E R T I S E M E N T



XML Document:-

XML documents use a simple syntax and self-describing.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<company>
<to>Vyom</to>
<from>TCS</from>
<heading>Reminder</heading>
<body>Details of Emlpoyee</body>
</company>

The first line in the document - the XML declaration - defines the XML version and
the character encoding used in the document. In this case the document conforms
to the 1.0 specification of XML and uses the ISO-8859-1 (Latin-1/West European)
character set.
The next line describes the root element of the document (like it was saying: "this
document is a company"):

<company>

The next 4 lines describe 4 child elements of the root (to, from, heading, and body):

<to>Vyom</to>
<from>TCS</from>
<heading>Reminder</heading>
<body>Details of Emlpoyee</body>

And finally the last line defines the end of the root element:

<company>

Can you detect from this example that the XML document contains
a company to Vyom from TCS? Don't you agree that XML is pretty self-descriptive?



Elements Must Have a Closing Tag

it is illegal to omit the closing tag, with XML, .
In HTML some elements not contains closing tag. The following code is valid in HTML:

<p>This is a author
<p>This is another author

In XML all elements must have a closing tag, e.g.:

<p>This is a author</p>
<p>This is another author</p> 

Note: You might have noticed from the previous example that the XML declaration did not have a closing tag. This is not an error. The declaration is not a part of the XML document itself. It is not an XML element, and it should not have a closing tag.



XML Tags are Case Sensitive

XML tags are case sensitive in respect of HTML
With XML, the tag <Author> is different from the tag <author>. Opening and closing tags must therefore be written with the same case:

<Author>This is incorrect</author>

<author>This is correct</author>



Properly Nesting of XML Elements

Improper nesting of tags makes no sense to XML.
some elements can be improperly nested within each other in HTML like this:

<b><i>"Hello World" This text is bold and italic</b></i>

In XML all elements must be properly nested within each other like this:

<b><i>"hello World" This text is bold and italic</i></b>



XML Documents Must Have a Root Element

To define a root element all XML documents must contain a single tag pair.
All other elements must be within this root element. All elements can have child elements. child elements must be correctly nested within their parent element:

<root>
<child>
<subchild>.....</subchild>
</child>
</root>



XML Attribute Values Must be Quoted

With XML, it is illegal to omit quotation marks around attribute values.
XML elements can have attributes in name/value pairs just like in HTML. In XML the attribute value must always be quoted. Study the two XML documents below. The first one is incorrect, the second is correct:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<company date=10/10/2004>
<to>Vyoms</to>
<from>TCS</from>
</company>

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<company date="10/10/2004">
<to>Vyoms</to>
<from>TCS</from>
</company>

The error in the first document is that the date attribute in the note element is not quoted. This is correct: date="10/10/2004". This is incorrect: date=10/10/2004.



White Space is Preserved in XML

The white space in XML document is not truncated.
This is unlike HTML. With HTML, a sentence like this: Hello           my company name is VYOM, will be displayed like this: Hello my company name is VYOM, because HTML reduces multiple, consecutive white space characters to a single white space.



XML Comments

XML comment syntax is similar to that of HTML. <!-- This is a comment -->

Be the first one to comment on this page.




  XML Tutorial eBooks
More Links » »
 
 XML Tutorial FAQs
More Links » »
 
 XML Tutorial Interview Questions
More Links » »
 
 XML Tutorial Articles
More Links » »
 
 XML Tutorial News
More Links » »
 
 XML Tutorial Jobs
More Links » »

Share And Enjoy:These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages.
  • blinkbits
  • BlinkList
  • blogmarks
  • co.mments
  • connotea
  • del.icio.us
  • De.lirio.us
  • digg
  • Fark
  • feedmelinks
  • Furl
  • LinkaGoGo
  • Ma.gnolia
  • NewsVine
  • Netvouz
  • RawSugar
  • Reddit
  • scuttle
  • Shadows
  • Simpy
  • Smarking
  • Spurl
  • TailRank
  • Wists
  • YahooMyWeb

Previoushome Next

Keywords: xml syntax,xml Case Sensitive , xml documentation, xml document, xml comments element, xml tags

HTML Quizzes
HTML Quiz
XHTML Quiz
CSS Quiz
TCP/IP Quiz
CSS 1.0 Quiz
CSS 2.0 Quiz
HLML Quiz
XML Quizzes
XML Quiz
XSL Quiz
XSLT Quiz
DTD Quiz
Schema Quiz
XForms Quiz
XSL-FO Quiz
XML DOM Quiz
XLink Quiz
XQuery Quiz
XPath Quiz
XPointer Quiz
RDF Quiz
SOAP Quiz
WSDL Quiz
RSS Quiz
WAP Quiz
Web Services Quiz
Browser Scripting Quizzes
JavaScript Quiz
VBScript Quiz
DHTML Quiz
HTML DOM Quiz
WMLScript Quiz
E4X Quiz
Server Scripting Quizzes
ASP Quiz
PERL Quiz
SQL Quiz
ADO Quiz
CVS Quiz
Python Quiz
Apple Script Quiz
PL/SQL Quiz
SQL Server Quiz
PHP Quiz
.NET (dotnet) Quizzes
Microsoft.Net Quiz
ASP.Net Quiz
.Net Mobile Quiz
C# : C Sharp Quiz
ADO.NET Quiz
VB.NET Quiz
VC++ Quiz
Multimedia Quizzes
SVG Quiz
Flash Quiz
Media Quiz
SMIL Quiz
Photoshop Quiz
Gimp Quiz
Matlab Quiz
Gnuplot Programming Quiz
GIF Animation Quiz
Scientific Visualization Quiz
Graphics Quiz
Web Building Quizzes
Web Browsers Quiz
Web Hosting Quiz
W3C Quiz
Web Building Quiz
Web Quality Quiz
Web Semantic Quiz
Web Careers Quiz
Weblogic Quiz
SEO Quiz
Web Site Hosting Quiz
Domain Name Quiz
Java Quizzes
Java Quiz
JSP Quiz
Servlets Quiz
Struts Quiz
EJB Quiz
JMS Quiz
JMX Quiz
Eclipse Quiz
J2ME Quiz
JBOSS Quiz
Programming Langauges Quizzes
C Quiz
C++ Quiz
Visual Basic Quiz
Data Structures Using C Quiz
Cobol Quiz
Assembly Language Quiz
Mainframe Quiz
Forth Programming Quiz
Lisp Programming Quiz
Pascal Quiz
Delphi Quiz
Fortran Quiz
OOPs Quiz
Data Warehousing Quiz
CGI Programming Quiz
Emacs Quiz
Gnome Quiz
ILU Quiz
Soft Skills Quizzes
Communication Skills Quiz
Time Management Quiz
Project Management Quiz
Team Work Quiz
Leadership Skills Quiz
Corporate Communication Quiz
Negotiation Skills Quiz
Database Quizzes
Oracle Quiz
MySQL Quiz
Operating System Quizzes
BSD Quiz
Symbian Quiz
Unix Quiz
Internet Quiz
IP-Masquerading Quiz
IPC Quiz
MIDI Quiz
Software Testing Quizzes
Testing Quiz
Firewalls Quiz
SAP Module Quizzes
ERP Quiz
ABAP Quiz
Business Warehousing Quiz
SAP Basis Quiz
Material Management Quiz
Sales & Distribution Quiz
Human Resource Quiz
Netweaver Quiz
Customer Relationship Management Quiz
Production and Planning Quiz
Networking Programming Quizzes
Corba Quiz
Networking Quiz
Microsoft Office Quizzes
Microsoft Word Quiz
Microsoft Outlook Quiz
Microsoft PowerPoint Quiz
Microsoft Publisher Quiz
Microsoft Excel Quiz
Microsoft Front Page Quiz
Microsoft InfoPath Quiz
Microsoft Access Quiz
Accounting Quizzes
Financial Accounting Quiz
Managerial Accounting Quiz
Testimonials | Contact Us | Link to Us | Site Map
Copyright 2008. Academic Tutorials.com. All rights reserved Privacy Policies | About Us
Our Portals : Academic Tutorials | Best eBooksworld | Beyond Stats | City Details | Interview Questions | Discussions World | Excellent Mobiles | Free Bangalore | Give Me The Code | Gog Logo | Indian Free Ads | Jobs Assist | New Interview Questions | One Stop FAQs | One Stop GATE | One Stop GRE | One Stop IAS | One Stop MBA | One Stop SAP | One Stop Testing | Webhosting in India | Dedicated Server in India | Sirf Dosti | Source Codes World | Tasty Food | Tech Archive | Testing Interview Questions | Tests World | The Galz | Top Masala | Vyom | Vyom eBooks | Vyom International | Vyom Links | Vyoms | Vyom World
Copyright 2003-2017 Vyom Technosoft Pvt. Ltd., All Rights Reserved.