The Effect of ERP on Organisations
ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems are used in the organizations for information integration and aligning & streamlining their processes for delivering high value to the customers. Through its very use, it influences manager's jobs and the organization structure as well.
A D V E R T I S E M E N T
ERP has significant impact on the organizations and has tremendously changed the way of manager's job and organization structures.ERP implementation on five dimensions of Manager's job (autonomy, use of power, delegation, people skills and privileged information), five dimensions of organizational structure (specialization, formalization, centralization, standardization and complexity of work flow) and on the flexibility of organization has been effected by the use of ERP in organisations of all levels.
ERP systems have become the system of choice for the majority of publicly traded companies and have radically changed the way accounting information is processed, analyzed, audited, and disseminated. In this study, we examine whether ERP system implementations have impacted the decision usefulness of accounting information. We find that ERP adoptions lead to a trade-off between increased information relevancy and decreased information reliability for external users of financial statements. After implementing the system, firms concurrently experience both a decrease in reporting lag and an increase in the level of discretionary accruals. Contrary to expectations, adopting more ERP modules did not augment these effects. These results should be of interest to financial statement preparers initially adopting or implementing new versions of ERP applications, auditors serving clients with ERP systems, and regulators overseeing the financial markets and consolidation in the ERP industry.
While ERP has been around for little more than a decade, more companies are
now seeing the benefits of using it. Many companies in the Middle East and
Africa have failed to utilize the benefits of ERP, and the reason for this deals
with procedure rather than cost. Many of these companies have used the same
methods for many years, and are unwilling to switch to something new.
At parieto-occipital sites, in both experiments, the repeated possible and impossible non-target items elicited less positive ERP waveforms than did first presentations beginning at about 300 ms. The briefly reduced frontal negativity to repeated items is consistent with familiarity arising from a facilitation of access to conceptual, semantic and visuo-spatial representations during object categorization. The polarity of the parieto-occipital effect was the reverse of what is usually found in stimulus repetition tasks, although it is consistent with earlier work using similar visual stimuli. It is interpreted as reflecting the availability of a newly formed representation (i.e., token) of the object just experienced.