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Understanding The Struts Controller

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Struts framework support MVC(Model View Controller) architecture 2


A D V E R T I S E M E N T



What is Model-View-Controller (MVC) Architecture?

The Model-View-Controller architecture Model helps to devide an application into three different categories i,e Model, View and the Controller. Components of the MVC architecture is independent of other component and has unique responsibility.Changes in one component will have less or no impact on other components.Responsibilities of the three components are:

Model:Model is used for providing the data from the database and saving the data into the data stores.In Model,all the business logic are implemented .Before saving into the database,data entered by the user through View are checked in the model.Data access,the Data saving logic and Data validation are part of the Model.

View: View is responsible for the taking the input from the user, dispatching the request to the controller and then receiving response from the controller,displaying the result to the user and represents the user view of the application. HTML, Custom Tag Libraries,JSPs and Resources files are part of the view component.

Controller: Controller is intermediary between the View and the Model.For receiving the request from the client,Controller is used. Once request is received from the client it executes the appropriate business logic from the Model and then it uses the View component to produce the output.ActionServlet,ActionForm, Action, and struts-config.xml are part of the Controller.




The above figure is the MVC architecture 2 model which uses by the Struts.




Setting Up Development Environment

Installing JDK:

From the sun site,download JDK 1.4 or above . Use the instruction given in installation manual and install JDK.




Installing Tomcat:

Go to the apache site and then download Tomcat and install it. I have downloaded jakarta-tomcat-5.0.4 and installed for this tutorial only. To  test your installation go to your installation directory/bin and to run server,issue startup command .To test the server,open the browser and type http://localhost:8080/ . The browser should display the welcome page. If not before going further,consult the tomcat documentation .




Installing Struts Application:

Go to the official site of Struts and then download latest version of the Struts http://jakarta.apache.org/struts. Extract the file into your own directory and copy struts-blank.war, struts-example.war and struts-documentation.war from the "jakarta-struts-1.1\webapps" directtory into "jakarta-tomcat-5.0.4\webapps" directory.

struts-blank.war is useful in creating the struts application from scratch and also the blank struts application .To create our web applications, we will use this file.

struts-documentation.war important documents for the struts application development and also contains the API and struts-example.war is the simple MailReader Demonstration Application




Developing First Struts Application

Go to the jakarta-tomcat-5.0.4\webapps and then rename struts-blank.war to struts-tutorial.war and copy it to the "jakarta-tomcat-5.0.4\webapps" directory. Tomcat loads the application and automatically extract the file.



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