Noida is an area under the management of the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority (also called NOIDA). Noida came into administrative existence on 17 April 1976 and celebrates 17 April as "Noida Day". Sanjay Gandhi set it up as part of an urbanization thrust during the controversial Emergency period (1975-1977). The city was created under the UP Industrial Area Development Act. It has first-class amenities and is considered to be one of the more modern suburbs of Delhi in the National Capital Region. It is also home to the Noida Film City.
Noida is located in Gautam Budh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state. The district's administrative headquarters is in the nearby town of Surajpur, though the highest government official, the District Magistrate (DM), resides in Noida. The city is a part of the Noida-Dadri Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituency and Gautam Budh Nagar Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituency.
Located in the north of India, Noida is about 20-kilometre (12 mi) southeast of New Delhi. It is bound on the west and south-west by the Yamuna River, on the north and north-west by the city of Delhi, on the north-east by the cities of Delhi and Ghaziabad and on the north-east, east and south-east by the Hindon River. Noida falls under the catchment area of the Yamuna river, and is located on the old river bed. The soil is mainly rich and loamy soil  and is suitable for growing seasonal vegetables, grains like wheat and cash crops like sugarcane. With the advent of urbanization, vegetables and fruits are now the main crops.. The area has dry deciduous trees like Sal, Sheesham and Teak.